bacterial gene transfer
Art & research: nishat islam and isam adnan
further reading literature: ashley patilano
Transformation: Bacterial 2 takes in foreign DNA from the environment, which came from Bacteria 1 (LibreTexts Biology).
Transduction: A virus introduces foreign DNA into Bacteria 2, which then inserts into the bacterium's existing DNA (LibreTexts Biology).
Conjugation: Bacteria 2 pulls Bacteria 1 close so it can directly transfer genetic material using a pilus (LibreTexts Biology).