Types of Digestion
Art & Research: Eunice H. Kim
Further Reading Literature: Kadir Özler
What happens when you eat your food?
There are 4 types of nutrients that can be in your food: Carbs, fats, proteins and nucleic acids. In order for your body to use all these nutrients in your food, the body has to first break it down and then absorb it.
Parts of the body
Let’s look at your body! We have 4 major parts of the body that help break down and absorb food: the mouth, stomach, small intestine and large intestine.
MOUTH: Your mouth is the first place your food enters in your body. Your teeth help to physically crush the food into smaller pieces. Your saliva has chemicals that break the carbs in the food down even more.
STOMACH: Your stomach contracts in a process called peristalsis to physically break down the ball of food your body just made. Your stomach also has a chemical called hydrochloric acid that breaks down proteins. These 2 processes make your food into a mush called chyme, which then enters the small intestine.
The small intestine
SMALL INTESTINE: The first part of your small intestine is the duodenum. Here, your liver, pancreas, and gallbladder make and send more chemicals to help to break down your food into even SMALLER pieces of fat, protein, carbs and nucleic acids. Once the food passes the duodenum, little bumps in your intestine called villi help to make sure all of the nutrients from your food are absorbed.
The large intestine
Anything else that hasn’t been absorbed?